margin. vanderbilt went outside the u.s. market, borrowed money, brought back his own stock and reduced prices, bought back the walk woodstock, bankrupt and an opponent, profited in the stock market, get control of the major river in needed, and now he had to do was help cause a major financial panic. such was his power that he was able to go in and then stop the panic by personally showing up on wall street and san, you know, buying shares of stock visibly. one broker said i knew it. the old brad never deserts his friends, which is kind of that ambivalence. very much the way the people fought and. he heard a lot of people in carrying out his operation. he would compete against a rival and drive them out of business. at the same time he ended up creating an integrated, very efficient, low-cost railroad network. so you see in vanderbilt's life the destructive consequences of these business conflicts often on innocent people, innocent shareholders who bought stock because it thought it was a good investment. at the same time the nation hopes by, more efficient low-cost bill road network.